It is spoken by the Kutchi people specifically, these are the Rajputs Jadeja, Bhanushalis, Lohanas,Brahmins (Rajgor Gnayathy : Bhuj), Megvals, Visa Oswal and Dasa Osval (Oshwal) Jains, followers of satpanth, Bhatias, Rabaris and various Muslim communities in the region, including the Muslim Khojas and Kutchi Memons.
Closely related languages
Kachhi is related to Sindhi, spoken in neighboring Sindh, Pakistan and parts of India. It is also mildly related to Gujarati since Kutchh is located in between Sindh and Gujarat.
Kachhi (Kutchi) is often thought to be a mixture of mostly Sindhi, some Rajasthani(Marwari), Gujarati, Punjabi and Rajasthani. Its lexical content shows the very large extent to which the language is a complex combination of Sindhi and some Rajasthani(Marwari), Gujarati, Punjabi although it has its unique traits as well.
It is likely that such linguistic similarities are the result of migrations over the centuries across the desert stretching from present-day Sindh to Saurashtra and Kutchh to the east, and Rajasthan.
Most Kachhis living in India are bilingual or trilingual, due to exposure to neighbouring languages such as Gujarati. While those in Pakistan are also bilingual or trilingual, due to exposure to closely-related neighbouring languages such as Sindhi. Kutchi is also written in Urdu script in Pakistan and is spoken in parts of Karachi.
Most common words
There are distinct regional accents and variations in grammar. As in many languages spoken along Asian trade routes, there is substantial borrowing from Persian and Arabic — words like “duniya” (world) and “naseeb” (fate), are routinely used by many speakers of Kachhi. Many Kachhi speakers also speak Sindhi and Gujarati as a separate language.
Some sample Kachchhi phrases:
Achija – bye bye (lit. do come again)
Koro nihaareto – what are you looking at?
Koro thiyoh – what happen?
Aain achota – અંઇ અચોતા – are you coming? (polite)
Koro kareyeinto – what are you doing?
Kuro karyota – કોરો કયો તા – what are you doing?(polite)
Kada vanota – કતે વનો તા – where are you going? (polite)
Kien ayo – કીં અયો – how are you? (polite)
Aien – You (polite)
Tun – You (informal)
Ganni acho (Bring it)
What – Koro
Who – Ker
Where – Kadaa (contrast with Sindhi “Kithe”) and Gujarati (Kyan)
Why – Korela/Kulai
When – Kada
How – Keen (n silent)
To give an indication of dialects and regional variations, the Sindhi question “Kithe vino ta?” (where are you going?) would be posed in Kutchhi as “Kadaa vano ta?”
The Kachhchhi Script became extinct during the british era and efforts are on to revive and reinvent the Script. It is based on the Deonagari vowels, consonants and wedded to the principles of supremacy for the spoken sound style, and the subordination of the spellings to preserve the original Kachhchhi dialect, which is storing the original sound of thousands of years, due to the non-dependance on modified sound affected by the incomplete spectrum of the script available.
There is no new shape of vowel or a consonant or the vowel signs prevalent, but there certainly is a reorganisation. Field tests, have been satisfactorily carried out.
Recently Dr Rajul Shah an ayurvedic doctor, psychologist and a graphologist has revived and reinvented the Kutchi Script . Rajulbens script has received approval from the copyrights office in New Delhi. The next step is underway, which is to get the nod from the Central government which takes about eight months to come.
Her work has also won the favour of influential Kutchi communities such as the Shri Kutchi Dasha Oswal Jan Gnati Mahajan, Mumbai, Shree Mahavir Jain Charitra Kalyan, Ratnashram and Shree Kutchi Jan Sewa Samaj, Ahmedabad. For more details goto http://www.ahmedabadmirror.com/index.aspx?page=article§id=3&contentid=200907112009071103202225014550c50
Among others who have worked or working on Kutchi Script are Sheokumaar Ravji Jain(Mumbai), Visanji Nagda and Manilal Gala.
Currently Kachhi is normally written using a modified version of the Gujarāti script and Devnagari(Sanskrit) script. Many books and magazines are published the language using the modified Gujarāti script, including Vadhod (“Inquiry”). In earlier times it used to be written in Khojki script, which is now extinct. However efforts are currently being carried out revive the khojki script as well. (http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=104058045844)
Koro – કોરો – What
Burr-a-buur – ભરોભર – Ok
Laat – લાટ – Nice
Khapey – ખપે – Want
Munke dE – મુકે ડે – Give (it to) me
Jaga – જગા – Place
BhOOkh -ભોખ – Hunger
KIdaa – કડા – where
HalyaN- હલ્યા – welcome
Maadu – માડુ – Man
Chhoro – છોરો – Boy
Naalo – નાલો – Name
KUtoo – કોત્તો- Dog
Bilaadee – મન્ની – Cat
Undar – કો – Rat
Undhurr – અંદર – In
Achija – અચીજા – Bye
As-an-jo – Our
Pann-jo – પાંજો – Our
Gal-yo – ગાલ્યું – Talk (as in ‘Talk is cheap’)
Dill – ધીલ – Heart
Choviaar – ચોવિયાર – Dinner before sunset
Jaman – Meal
kii ai-કિં અહિયે – How are you korocheto-
Famous Kutchi People
Pandit Shyamji Krishna Verma(Nakhua), prominent freedom fighter , founder of non cooperation movement and India House in London
Sant Shree Odhavraamji Maharaj (Guruji)
Sant Shree Valraam Maharaj (Guruji)
Kavi Duleray Karani
Freedom Fighter Gopaldas M.Purecha
Prominent freedom fighter Kakubhai Bhatia
Music director duo Kalyanjibhai and Anandjibhai
Harish Bhimani renowned voice-over artist, One of the Most Recognisable Voices of India
Fahmida Mirza, first female Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan